Joint replacement surgery/Joint Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure where the arthritic/worn out joint surfaces are replaced with metallic artificial prosthesis/implants made of titanium/cobalt-chrome-molybdenum alloy/ gold etc. These prosthesis are manufactured after long research and aim to nearly restore the normal joint anatomy to variable extent.What are the indications for joint replacement surgery?
Joint replacement surgery is performed for a joint which has basically worn out (arthritis) and is deformed in shape and alignment. This can happen due to:
Post-traumatic arthritis (arthritis following an old fracture which deformed the articulating surfaces)
Neglected single/multiple ligament injuries
Joints deformed by birth
Joints damaged due to tuberculosis/gout/infection etc..
Pain, swelling, deformity, difficulty in bending the joint, difficulty walking (lower limbs), difficulty lifting weights (upper limbs), reduced activities of daily living are some common symptoms.What is the purpose of performing joint replacement surgery?
The main purpose of Joint replacement surgery is Pain relief. Other aims include improving the range of movement of Joint and mobility.Are there any signs to know that I need joint replacement surgery?
Xray shows evidence of Arthritis
Pain not responding to standard medications
Limitations of activities of daily living
Limitation of leisure activities, sports and work
Pain disturbing sleep
Knees and Hips are the usual joints for replacement surgery. Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist etc are the other joints. In conditions like Rheumatoid arthritis, the finger joints can also be replaced with suitable prosthesis.
READ UNDER INDIVIDUAL JOINTS FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION