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Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint Replacement surgery

What is Joint Replacement surgery?

Joint replacement surgery/Joint Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure where the arthritic/worn out joint surfaces are replaced with metallic artificial prosthesis/implants made of titanium/cobalt-chrome-molybdenum alloy/ gold etc. These prosthesis are manufactured after long research and aim to nearly restore the normal joint anatomy to variable extent.

What are the indications for Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint replacement surgery is performed for a joint which has basically worn out (arthritis) and is deformed in shape and alignment. This can happen due to:
  Rheumatoid arthritis
  Post-traumatic arthritis (arthritis following an old fracture which deformed the articulating surfaces)
  Neglected single/multiple ligament injuries
  Joints deformed by birth
  Joints damaged due to tuberculosis/gout/infection etc..

What are the symptoms of Joint Arthritis?

Pain, swelling, deformity, difficulty in bending the joint, difficulty walking (lower limbs), difficulty lifting weights (upper limbs), reduced activities of daily living are some common symptoms.

What is the purpose of performing joint replacement surgery?

The main purpose of Joint replacement surgery is Pain relief. Other aims include improving the range of movement of Joint and mobility.

Are there any signs to know that I need Joint Replacement Surgery?

  Xray shows evidence of Arthritis
  Pain not responding to standard medications
  Limitations of activities of daily living
  Limitation of leisure activities, sports and work
  Pain disturbing sleep
  Joint Stiffness
  Walking/mobility difficulty

Which Joints are suited for this procedure?

Knees and Hips are the usual joints for replacement surgery. Shoulder, Elbow, Wrist etc are the other joints. In conditions like Rheumatoid arthritis, the finger joints can also be replaced with suitable prosthesis.


  • Knee replacement
  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder replacement
  • Elbow replacement
  • Revision knee replacement
  • Revision hip replacement